Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis. Menus for this week, recipes, products, what not

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis should be complete, and the meal should be easily digested. A gentle diet should include nutrients based on the principles of good nutrition.

Diet schedule for various types of pancreatitis

Diet for pancreatitis is planned for a long time, it includes a variety of dishes that are easily processed in the stomach.

The essential nutrient ratios are:

  • 9 210 kJ;
  • 2 300 kcal;
  • 85 g protein;
  • 80 g fat;
  • 240 g of carbohydrates.

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis involves adherence to cooking technology from recommended products and exclusion from contraindicated diets.

For chronic forms

In chronic inflammation, foods that can cause pancreatitis attacks are excluded from the diet:

  • fat;
  • egg yolk;
  • sour cream;
  • cold drinks, ice cream.

Principles of cooking:

  • The dish must be fat-free, only a piece of butter can be added to the finished dish, the daily portion should not exceed 20 g.
  • You can not eat soup seasoned with frying oil.
  • Limit foods that contain cholesterol such as egg yolks, brain, liver, kidneys.
  • Do not eat ice cream or mayonnaise.
  • Add sweetener instead of sugar to the sweet dish.
  • The combination of fats and sugars in food should be avoided.

Sample menu for people diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis

Breakfast:

  • 2 egg whites, spinach salad.
  • Toast is made from a slice of whole wheat bread.
  • Coffee or tea.

Snack:

  • Apple.
  • Herbal tea.

Lunch:

  • Boiled rice or red beans.
  • Unleavened bread cake.
  • Grated vegetable soup or pureed meat soup.
  • Banana.
  • Tea.

Snack:

  • Rosehip Broth, cookies.

Dinner:

  • Fish fillet.
  • Mashed potatoes.
  • Salad with yogurt.

Snacks:

  • Herbal tea, a slice of toast.

The basic rule of a gentle diet: food should be simple, low-fat, but complete, because the diet is prescribed not for one day, but for life.

In acute form

Patients during this period observe bed rest and a starvation diet. On the first day after the end of the attack, only warm tea should be given from the spoon. On the 2nd day, crackers are added, with a strong hunger, you can add mashed potatoes without oil.

On the 3rd day it is recommended:

  • is ​​milk;
  • stale bread;
  • boiled rice;
  • puri epal.

On the fourth day you can suggest:

  • cottage cheese;
  • compote;
  • Purified vegetable or potato soup.

While worsening

Deterioration of pancreatitis occurs when dietary principles are violated. Therefore, during the fasting period, meat products are replaced by carbohydrate foods, legumes, peas, lentils. These foods contain heavy fiber, which requires more enzymes produced by the pancreas to break down.

Eating lots of vegetables, carrots, green onions in the spring makes the gastrointestinal tract worse.Pancreatitis does not develop singly, but along with gastritis, inflammation of the stomach.Spring vegetables, freshly squeezed juices, affect the increase in acidity, which causes acid reflux, provoking inflammation in the glands.

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis during exacerbations should be strict. In the event of pain syndrome, the same dietary intake rules should be followed as in the acute form period.

Approved Products Prohibited Products
Rusks Wheat Bread, Steamed Pudding 50g Sweets
Steamed potato pudding or zucchini, carrots, cauliflower Ice cream, chocolate, alcohol
Slimy soup in water, then in vegetable soup Canned foods, sausages, fatty meats
Dried Fruit Compote Strong broth, meat, mushrooms
Lean, steamed fish Raw fruits and vegetables
Egg whites, omelets from them Radish, onion, radish, sorrel, radish, cabbage.

Menu after pancreatic inflammation removal

Breakfast:

  • Omelet 2 protein.
  • Porridge buckwheat on water.
  • Tea.

Snack:

  • Curd cake.

Lunch:

  • Slimy rice soup with breadcrumbs.
  • Boil the fish.
  • Jelly xylitol strawberries.

Snack:

  • Dried apricots.
  • Tea.

Dinner:

  • A meat souffle made from lean meat.
  • Carrot Souffle.

Before bed:

  • Boil Rosehip.

The consistency of the food served should be soft and fluffy. Serve cottage cheese not in its natural form, but in the form of roasted pudding cooked on egg whites, without butter, with the addition of dried fruit.

Reactive

The main reason for the reactive form is the early activation of enzymes produced by the pancreas. Usually, they should be activated after entering the intestine, but when the ducts narrow in the pancreas, enzymes accumulate.

Collect, they destroy glandular tissue, and their decay products enter the blood.

This happens because:

  • chronic diseases;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • excessive fatty foods;
  • intestinal infections;
  • food poisoning;
  • surgery on bile secretory organs;
  • abdominal injuries.

The inflammatory process is eliminated by fasting, and after the end of the acute phase, one should eat in small doses, eating food only in ruined form. In this case, the diet is prescribed by a doctor, and must be done under medical supervision.

Menu for 1 day in case of reactive inflammation, after removal of acute attack

Breakfast:

  • Smooth the potatoes over the water.
  • Boiled chicken, grated.
  • Tea with breadcrumbs.

Snack:

  • Fat-free kefir.
  • Curd pudding with raisins.

Lunch:

  • Rice soup with vegetable gravy.
  • Steamed fish pieces.
  • Beetroot salad with sunflower oil.

Snack:

  • Drinking water purified with crackers.

Dinner:

  • Grilled chicken fillet.
  • Boiled buckwheat in water.

For the night:

  • Curdled milk.

Diet, cooking technology is the same as for pancreatitis in the acute and then chronic forms.

For pancreatitis in children

Children and adolescents with various forms of pancreatitis need long-term professional treatment to control symptoms and prevent complications. Diet for children has the same division as in adults: the period of the acute stage of the disease and the chronic form.

In the acute stage, children are given:

  • On the first day, mineral water is still in small portions.
  • Mash mucus soup is offered for 2-3 days.
  • After 3 days, they were fed mashed porridge made from boiled buckwheat, rice, cooked in water.
  • After that, steamed protein dishes, croutons, and curd pudding were added.
  • In the future, you can feed the kids with beets, carrot soup in the form of mashed potatoes, chicken soufflé, steamed pieces of meat.

Eggs should be included in the diet for children, as eggs are easily digested due to their similarity to human protein. It helps restore the process in the digestive tract well, cottage cheese, with a fat content of not more than 5%, is treated with steam or in the oven.

For pancreatitis in adults

Diet for pancreatitis involves only 3 technological cooking processes:

  • cooking;
  • deletion;
  • bakar.

All solid foods have harmful mechanical effects, so the food prepared should have a soft consistency. A large amount of food should be ground through a meat grinder or rubbed through a sieve. The amount of food consumed at one time should be less than the diet of healthy people, so there should be 5-6 times a day.

While dieting, try to avoid temperature irritants that negatively affect the gastric mucosa. Serve food not too cold, but not too hot.Refrigerator products - ice cream, soft drinks - are contraindicated.

When cooking, adhere to the principle of salt-free, using no more than 5-8 g of salt a day, spicy and hot seasonings are prohibited.

The use of old ground foods is not recommended. After relieving the symptoms of worsening, you should immediately switch to a full diet. In medical nutrition for patients diagnosed with pancreatitis, a special diet has been developed - No. 5. The first version is shown to the patient during the period of acute disease development. The second option consists of dishes used for the chronic form.

Mediterranean diet for pancreatitis

Recent research by scientists shows that the food eaten by people in the Mediterranean is beneficial in preventing inflammation of the pancreas. In order for the Mediterranean diet to achieve its effects, it must be a way of life, a system in which the body will only receive healthy food.

Carbohydrate based diet:

  • unpeeled cereal;
  • beans
  • pasta.

Fat is in second place: olive oil, sunflower oil.

Third dairy products:

  • curdled milk;
  • milk;
  • cottage cheese;
  • yogurt;
  • cheese.

Elsewhere inhabited by animal-derived proteins:

  • red meat;
  • fish;
  • seafood.

A large number of these foods are allowed for pancreatitis.

Approved Products

The best Mediterranean food for pancreatitis:

  • hot or cold olive oil;
  • roasted fresh vegetables;
  • cereals, wheat flour biscuits;
  • lean red meat, eaten no more than 1-2 times a month;
  • eggs;
  • natural yogurt, yogurt, pickled cheese.

Partially Restricted and Prohibited Products

Avoid:

  • starchy vegetables;
  • muffin;
  • sweets other than honey;
  • blue cheese;
  • smoked and processed cheese.

With pancreatitis, you can eat seafood, but only 1-2 months after deterioration.

What you can do:

  • shrimp meatballs;
  • squid;
  • squid.

Seafood must be natural or frozen, but not canned. Six months after exacerbation, nuts, cashews, almonds, hazelnuts can be included in the diet. Blend before use.

Dietary foods for pancreatic pancreatitis

Sample menu for a week

Monday:

  • Breakfast.Original yogurt with fresh peaches.
  • Lunch.Wheat sliced ​​bread sandwich full of roasted vegetables: pumpkin, carrot, pumpkin.
  • Snacks.Fresh fruit broth, crackers.
  • Dinner.Salad with rice and grated chicken.

Tuesday:

  • Breakfast.Cottage cheese, grated with berries.
  • Lunch.Boiled fish, grilled vegetables.
  • Snacks.Date.
  • Dinner.Spinach souffle. Seasonal fruits.

Wednesday:

  • Breakfast.Natural yogurt with crackers.
  • Lunch.Spaghetti with steamed vegetables.
  • Snacks.Sugar-free apple compote with dried whole wheat toast.
  • Dinner.Curd mousse.

Thursday:

  • Breakfast.Omelet protein, steamed, yogurt.
  • Lunch.Lean beef with roasted vegetables. Broth from apples.
  • Snacks.Give fresh, black currant or jelly from it.
  • Dinner.Roasted vegetable salad.

Friday:

  • Breakfast.Sugar-free mussels with yogurt.
  • Lunch.Rice with spinach, vegetable broth, sweet tea.
  • Snacks.Give seasonal or banana juice.
  • Dinner.Toasted soup with whole wheat toast.

Saturday:

  • Breakfast.Steamed omelet with green beans, carrot juice.
  • Lunch.Sea fish soup, grilled vegetables, mineral water.
  • Snacks.Baked apples.
  • Dinner.Spaghetti with feta cheese. Tea.

Sunday:

  • Breakfast.Curd soufflé, a homemade butter-free cake.
  • Lunch.Puree soup from roasted peppers and spinach, carrot juice.
  • Snacks.Date from 1 small spoon darling.
  • Dinner.Souffle from sea fish, yogurt.

Fasting day

Before starting a diet, you should plan a fasting day. The best option: diet for 5 days, and fasting for 1 day. Such a day does not mean the complete rejection of food, enough to replenish the body by 600-700 kcal. Unloading is useful for pancreatitis, gives peace to the body, forcing it to process the food it received in the previous days.

Fasting Therapy

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis also includes therapeutic fasting. This is one of the components of therapy. Doctors prescribe very different fasting periods, depending on the severity of the disease and individual tolerance. For medical purposes, during starvation, the patient is injected with a substance that inhibits pancreatic secretion: atropine, diphenhydramine.

Based on studies, it was found that fasting for up to 12 days does not have a harmful effect on patientswith acute forms of pancreatitis. During this period, their urine and blood return to normal, all side symptoms disappear: nausea, vomiting, their health is stable.

The optimal time for the procedure is 3 days, during which the pancreas can fully relax and continue to function further. The process of handing over food must be gradual, as is the process of returning it. Fasting for medical purposes can only be done under medical supervision.

Diet recipes for kids, adults

The recipe below will help not only alleviate the condition of the body, but also prepare for fasting therapy, if necessary.

Zucchini puree soup and cauliflower

Zucchini puree soup and cauliflower

Ingredients:

  • zucchini, 100 g;
  • cauliflower, 100 g;
  • saline solution, 3 ml;
  • 250 ml air;
  • butter, 5 g.

A delicious dish when cooked in a slow cooker:

  • Peel the vinegar and cut into cubes.
  • Separate the inflorescences on the cabbage.
  • Soak vegetables in cold water for 60 minutes.
  • Grease the multicooker bowl lightly with oil (you can use sunflower).
  • Add vegetables, cover with water, add salted solution.
  • Install the SOUP program and cook according to the mode.
  • After boiling, beat the mixture with a blender.

For children's food, use salt instead of salt. In this case, it would not be an exaggeration. To prepare 15 g of salt, dissolve in 50 ml of warm water and use as directed.

Milk Soup with Chicken Puree

Ingredients:

  • White chicken, 300 g.
  • Potatoes, 3 seeds.
  • Milk, 250 g.
  • Simple radish, 1 pc.
  • Salt.

How to cook:

  • Pour the milk over the fillets.
  • Boil and simmer until soft, 25 minutes, add salt to taste at the end of cooking.
  • Remove the fillets, cut in a blender.
  • Put the peeled potatoes and dice into the pot with the milk and cook until soft.
  • Grate carrots on a medium grater. Add the soup.
  • Put the chicken puree in a plate, pour over the milk broth. Serve warm.

Slim oatmeal soup

  • Pour 50 g of cereal with cold water, bake and cook for at least 2 hours under a lid.
  • Rub the prepared cereal through a sieve, boil with the remaining liquid, pour warm milk, 150 g, season with salt or sweetener.
  • Instead of milk, you can add water and boil it all together.

Casserole vermicelli with meat

  • Boiled vermicelli, 100-150 g.
  • Add 60 g of boiled red meat through a meat grinder.
  • Put the vermicelli with the meat in the pan, before oiling, add salt.
  • Bake in the oven for about 30 minutes, after placing a wide plate with hot water under it.
  • Casserole can be cooked in a double boiler.
  • For chronic pancreatitis, you can add butter to the casserole.
Steamed meat pudding

Steamed Meat Pudding

  • Lean meats, 120 g, boiled, minced.
  • Add 10 g of semolina.
  • Combine with one, whip fork, egg whites, knead gently.
  • Put the prepared mixture into the mold.
  • Place in the oven, after placing the wide pot with hot water on the bottom shelf.
  • Dishes can be cooked in a double boiler.
  • Preheat oven to 175˚C, bake for 15-20 minutes.

Chicken Souffle

  • Boil the chicken fillet, then chop.
  • Put the beaten chicken, milk, flour, egg whites into the pot.
  • Put in a mold, bake until soft.
  • Product: 150 g chicken; flour 5 g; oil 15 g; protein 1 pc.

Fish Pudding

  • Peel the fish, preferably pike perch, boil, grind through a fine grinder.
  • From milk, flour, make agar-agar sauce, combine with fish.
  • Add protein, whipped with a fork.
  • Transfer the mixture to a mold, bake in the oven until soft
  • Products: fish - 160 g, oil, 25 g; flour 10 g; protein 1 pc.

Pumpkin Porridge

  • Peel 150 g of raw pumpkin on a wire rack and bake in the oven.
  • Boil rice, mix with grilled pumpkin.
  • Rice with pumpkin can be added for another 8 minutes. into the oven until they connect.

Bit pieces

  • Grate 2 pieces of raw bits on a fine grater.
  • Add 2 tbsp. l. breadcrumbs or flour, salt to taste.
  • Stir to form bread.
  • Transfer to a deep dish, add water, no more than 1 cm, simmer until soft.

Steamed carrot pudding with apples

Ingredients:

  • fresh carrots, 2 seeds. ;
  • green apple, 1 pc. ;
  • semolina, 1 tbsp. l. ;
  • 1 tbsp. milk. ;
  • 1 protein;
  • butter, about 25 g;
  • sweetener;
  • salt.

Cooking process:

  • Grind carrots on a grater, simmer in a pan until soft with milk.
  • After 5-6 minutes. add grated apples. Remove in 5 minutes.
  • Mix the whole mass in a blender, add the semolina, sweetener, combine with the whipped protein.
  • Put the mass into a mold and bake in the oven at + 170˚С, after placing a wide plate with hot water on the bottom shelf.
  • Ready in 45 minutes.

Curd soufflé

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis allows the use of cottage cheese.Must be low in fat, but you can cook in multicooker, in steam mode.

  • Beat the cottage cheese (100 g) with a hand grinder.
  • Add grated carrots, semolina (1 tbsp).
  • You can add 2 tbsp. spoon of kefir.
  • Beat 1 egg white with a fork.
  • Combine everything and put in a small ceramic plate.
  • Place the plate in the multicooker filter, after placing the water plate at the bottom.
  • Set the desired settings and bake for 15 minutes.
  • Serve warm or cold.

Pudding curd

Ingredients:

  • semolina, 2 tsp;
  • grated cottage cheese, 200 g;
  • protein, 1-2 seeds. ;
  • vanillin, sugar, or sweeteners.

How to cook:

  • Stir all ingredients.
  • Insert whipped egg whites.
  • Put mixed food in a plate, greasy bread crumbs.
  • Bake in the oven for at least 40 minutes.
  • Leave to cool, then turn to plate.

Snowball

Material:

  • one egg white;
  • salt;
  • sweetener, vanilla.

How to cook:

  • Beat the protein well with a mixer, add the vanilla.
  • Put water in a pot on the stove, season with salt, wait until it boils.
  • Take a mass of protein with a spoon and dip one part into the water. After 2-3 minutes. get the snowball ready.
Baked Peach Banana Cake

Peach banana cake is not baked

Material:

  • cottage cheese, 300 g;
  • dry biscuits, 350 g;
  • milk 120 ml;
  • fresh pic, 500 g;
  • banana, 1 pc. ;
  • gelatin, 30 g;
  • air, 200 ml.

How to cook:

  • Fill the agar with water and let it swell.
  • Grind the biscuits in a blender, add warm milk, mix everything well.
  • Put the mixture into a sliced ​​cake pan, after covering the bottom with a package to bake, spread evenly on the bottom of the pan.
  • Grind bananas and 300 g of peaches in a blender.
  • Grate cottage cheese, add fruit to it.
  • Heat the swollen agar until dissolved and pour ½ parts into the curd mixture.
  • Put the mixture into a mold on top of cookies, refrigerate for 1 hour. before solidification.
  • After an hour, remove the cake, garnish with the remaining peaches and cover with hot gelatin. Put the cake in the fridge for another hour.
  • Add a little sweetener to the curd if you want.
  • If the cake is made from canned peaches, then pour the top layer of fruit with the dissolved gelatin in peach syrup.

Inflammation of the pancreas, pancreatitis, significantly reduced quality of life. Damage in the digestive work can be caused by a variety of reasons, occurring in various forms. Diet plays an important role in the treatment regimen developed by doctors.