Gastritis is one of the most common diseases; it is diagnosed in two out of three people.
Chronic gastritis can cause complications in the form of stomach ulcers or even cancer. Therefore, patients with such diseases are advised to maintain a normal digestion and follow a special diet, especially during exacerbations.
Gastritis is a pathology indicated by inflammation of the abdominal mucosal tissue. Causes are unhealthy diet, frequent stress, and a weakened immune system. If this pathology is not treated, then it enters the chronic stage, and then becomes a stomach ulcer and other complications.
The main symptoms of gastritis are:
- headache (if acidity increases);
- frequent and severe heartburn;
- stomach is too heavy after eating;
- dull abdominal pain;
- reduces immunity.
What specific foods to eat depends directly on the acidity of the patient. The disease in question is with high and low acidity.
Low Acid Diet
Patients with low acidity are advised by their doctor to eat at least 4 times a day.
The following foods must be present in the diet of such people:
- lemon juice or diluted citric acid;
- cinnamon, a small amount of table salt;
- durum wheat pasta;
- eggs, but not fried;
- dairy products;
- boiled meat;
- lean animal oil;
- olive or sunflower oil;
- boiled or steamed vegetables;
- boiled or baked fruit;
- tea or coffee with added milk.
Drinking water with a little natural honey in the morning on an empty stomach helps a lot. Fatty, fried and smoked foods should be excluded from the diet for everyone suffering from gastritis. People with low acidity should also not eat beans, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, rice, carbonated drinks and alcohol.
Nutrition with increased acidity parameters
You need to eat a little and every three hours. There is only warm food, without interruption and chewing thoroughly.
Allowed products include:
- whatever is boiled or steamed;
- diet options for processed meats;
- chicken without chicken or turkey;
- coffee with milk.
Attention!To prevent heartburn, you can drink a glass of water with a teaspoon of baking soda in the morning.
Prohibited foods for this form of gastritis include:
- hard cheese;
- fresh, especially hot grilled foods;
- fatty fish;
- cake with greasy cream.
All patients with this disease are prohibited from performing maintenance and marinade. Avoid using puff pastry, and it is also recommended to remove grapes from food, as it will cause bloating and indigestion.
General Diet Suggestions
There are some nutritionist guidelines to help maintain a normal digestion for gastritis:
- Food should not be salty. It is best to use a minimum amount of salt. You also need to add fresh ingredients to all dishes.
- Proper diet should be followed not only during exacerbations, but also during remission.
- Meat and fish in the fifth table diet should be eaten minced (meat cuts, meatballs). Meat must be separated from bones, tendons, and joints.
- For gastritis, nutritionists recommend drinking plenty of water. It must be pure alkaline water without gas.
- A must-have in the daily soup menu. A variety of mashed soups and first courses mashed is very useful.